Monday, December 2, 2019

Was Slavery The Cause Of The Civil War Essay Example For Students

Was Slavery The Cause Of The Civil War Essay As I sat thinking about what to write about i started to realize thatslavery and war were the two things that at leat keep me going and I knew icould say alot on both. I couldn’t quite figgure out how i was going to jointhe two until i did some research and other reading and started to rememberthe civil war and it’s purposes. I not one to into history but i came acrosssome very interesting information which i felt could bring my points ofview out quite effectively. So here it is my feelings and viewpoints onSlavery during, within, and after the civil war. We will write a custom essay on Was Slavery The Cause Of The Civil War specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The Civil War was doubly tragic because it was completelyunnecessary. Slavery had been ended in other nations with the stroke of apen, and yet in the mighty United States the country was willing to go towar over the issue of whether slavery should remain. The southerners feltthat it was their constitutional right to own slaves and did not see a timewhen they should be required to give up that right. However, upon theelection of Lincoln as President, the southerners felt threatened, and felttheir slave holding rights were being threatened, and in an effort to protectthese rights they chose to secede from the union. Why would any oneperson want to own another human being with the same intestines, some ofthe same feelings yet a different color for their own good . This was quitecrazy if you ask me , I feel that the southerners should have felt threatenedand that if what they were doing were so right why feel so threatened aboutdoing it.The northerners and Lincoln saw the importance of m aintaining a united country, set out to bring back the seceded states. Thus the Civil Warbegan. During the civil war many Americans were either killed or wounded,this number was only surpassed by World War II. While the civil waroriginally began as a quest to bring the southern states back to the union. However, the goal of the war did soon change to that of abolition. While thewar may have seemed necessary to the soldiers and governments who wereparticipating, in retrospect it was unnecessary. In three separate Europeancountries, slavery had been abolished prior to the American Civil War, andeach without arms being raised. Slavery had been abolished in Britain in1838, Sweden in 1848, and in Holland in 1863. It indeed could havesimilarly been abolished in the United States. However, the southerners,who were dependent on the slave institution, refused to give up their right toown slaves easily. Had the South been more progressively thinking manylives would have been saved and blood need not have been shed in the nameof slavery. This is particularly true because if the south had given up theirright to free labor (slavery), they would have soon received the gift ofmechanical labor. Indeed they might have profited more from the use of themachines which were soon to be invented, as they did not require housing,and food. However, the southerners were deeply rooted in their institutionof slavery and were prepared to go to war over their feelings. Did it evercome to mind that the slaves were to willing to got o war over their ownfreedom. If one were to ask that question then that would have been a war too unforgotten. Duuring this war the battlefields were transformed intoshambles where during the duration of the war 634,703 union soldiers werekilled or wounded, and 335,524 confederate soldiers were killed orwounded. Indeed this was the second most intense war second to WorldWar II. In the civil war 3,846 soldiers from both the union army and theconfederate army were killed per month of fighting. This clearly shows theintensity of the battle and the strong will which drove both sides to continuefighting in the face of such catastrophe. The financial burden endured byboth sides was astronomical for the time period. The union force spent acombined 3.2 billion dollars wh ich in terms of current currency values is27.3 billion dollars. The confederacy spent two billion or 17.1 billiondollars. This is the price both sides were willing to pay in the name ofslavery. The North and South went to war over the issue of slavery andendured a great expense in terms of human lives, and money. They couldhowever have followed the example of Britain, Sweden, and Holland andsimply signed away the institution of slavery and saved thousands of lives,and billions in dollars. However, the south was too deeply rooted in theinstitution of slavery, and when the Emancipation Proclamation came whichfreed the slaves they still treated them as they did before, often outside ofthe legal limits. Even after the 14th amendment which legally made peopleof color American citizens, there were strong racial and prejudicial feelingswhich ran rampant in the south, for example the KKK, and Jim Crow Laws, and literacy tests for the right to vote. African Americans endured thesehardships f or years and slavery still exixts in some way, form, or fashion outthere in the world today in the year 2001. Slavery was one of the numberone events in our country that was not a whole cause but part of a cause forwar in the united states. It also is a n event that has disgraced and put shameto the culture of african americans.Even though not everyone owned slaves,one bad apple spoils the bunch. Hopefully people will learn from history,and immoral actions or events like slavery will not take place again. As Iconclude this paper I would just like to add taht I feel that alot of the thingsin the late 1700’s and early 1800’s could have truly been prevented ifpeople were willing to compromise. But it seems as if the stubborness of thepeople today is literally deeply rooted from the ones’ before us. Do youthink the war were fighting now could lead to the financial burden and thenext recession as it did during the other wars fought in or country? I ask youthat becaus e i’m quite unsure but I do know the world is supoosed to be abetter place and it is getting crazier and crazier by the minute like werestarting all over again. .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .postImageUrl , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:hover , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:visited , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:active { border:0!important; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:active , .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54 .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6fe20616edb433a6d642edae28549b54:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein as a Gothic Novel Fran EssayAmerican History

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

The Dangers of NaNoWriMo

The Dangers of NaNoWriMo The Dangers of NaNoWriMo This is the last week of one of the year’s most frenetic months for writers: National Novel Writing Month. Since its foundation in 1999, the now-universally-abbreviated NaNoWriMo has established itself as the best opportunity for aspiring writers to stop being just that.At the last New Generation Self-Publishing Summit (sponsored by Reedsy), Porter Anderson said something that really stuck with me (and apparently others – see tweets below): â€Å"‘E’ will obliterate territorial rights.†Exactly. ‘E’ has this extraordinary capacity to tear down physical or territorial barriers – and that’s true for everything from books to . In the case of NaNoWriMo, ‘e’ gives rise to a universal writers’ group where authors meet annually, exchange tips, support one another and update the community on their progress. The result is a global race where winning is accessible to everyone, because winning means finishing the ma nuscript. These kind of races always end up creating a strong sense of community.To the casual observer, NaNoWriMo might seem like the greatest thing to happen to writers since QWERTY. But the e-phenomenon might not be for everyone. Here’s why.1. The â€Å"New Year’s Resolution† EffectLet’s start with a mild accusation. To me, it sounds like â€Å"NaNoWriMo† is to authors what January is to non-authors: that time of year when you take on game-changing projects that you hold on to†¦ for a month.Writing over 1,000 words a day is something many authors do throughout the year (or at least several months a year), and many successful authors write in excess of 10,000 words per month. While NaNoWriMo creates the perfect incentive to *start* doing that, I think it is as important for authors to stick to the 1,667 words a day during NaNoWriMo as it is for them to keep writing regularly afterwards (at a slower pace, maybe). NaNo can create momentum, but it can also cause burnout for those unaccustomed to such a colossal creative effort.NaNo shouldn’t be the exception in an author’s life; it should be the ramp that launches a writing career.2. â€Å"In the end, it’s all about writing, you know?†There’s a Holy Trinity of generalized advice to authors out there that comes up regularly at conferences or in blog posts, forums and social media: 1. Writing is only half the job; reaching readers is the other half. 2. Writing your next book is your #1 marketing tool. 3. Present your book to readers only when it’s in the best possible shape.NaNoWriMo sets up authors to follow none of this advice.Think about it: You’re writing 1,667 words a day. You have a full-time job on the side. You spend the little spare time you have tweeting updates about your writing and contributing to a #nanowrimo hashtag feed that is already flooded by self-publishing companies trying to get participants’ att ention.In the meantime, not much is done for â€Å"the second half of the job† – marketing. It’s easy when all the focus is around #amwriting to forget about the occasional reader-directed tweet or Facebook post, the monthly newsletter, blogging, reader-mapping, etc. Not all authors forget about marketing during NaNo (the â€Å"big names† keep blogging heavily as a matter of fact), but there’s a certain detriment to everyone in the author community putting sole emphasis on â€Å"just writing† for a month.This brings us to item #3. Speed and precision are rarely bedfellows, and NaNo manuscripts are no exception. I’ll expand on this point below.3. â€Å"There! I’m done! Let’s publish now.†I’ve heard from several Reedsy editors that the months following Nano are usually super busy for them. Authors have their first drafts in hand and are so proud that they want to capitalise on the momentum and accelerate the â€Å"publishing process† so their book gets out there quickly. NaNoWriMo puts so much emphasis on speed that it invites authors to neglect the 3rd rule cited above, and accentuates an author’s biggest vice: impatience.Eagerness is perfectly understandable, especially in light of the massive effort it takes to write 50k words in 30 days. But that pace is challenging even for seasoned authors, and at best would result in a first draft – a starting point for editing and revision. Looking for an editor right after NaNo can be a good option, but only if you’re looking to get a quick manuscript assessment (most Reedsy editors offer that, and some will offer a discount in December/January for NaNo manuscripts). Doing a developmental edit, let alone a copyedit or proofread on your manuscript is a waste of time and money; you’re simply not ready – or at least, your NaNo manuscript isn’t.Even if you ARE the rare specimen ready for the next pha se of manuscript development come December 1, tens of thousands of other NaNoWriMo participants will be looking for a developmental editor during the same period of time. This means that all good, reputable editors are going to be fully booked for a couple of months. Have you ever tried finding a free treadmill at a gym in January? Well, it’s like that, but worse. Patience! Take December, or even January too, to edit your book, develop an early reader base (or look for beta-readers), pair up with other authors to prepare a common launch, or get started on your next book. Releasing several at a time can be an unexpected way to get noticed very quickly by the gremlins that power Amazon’s algorithms (aka, an indie author’s best friends*)†¦Like Christmas does for consumer capitalism, NaNoWriMo generates an incredible amount of enthusiasm and energy for creative writing. But it’s not without risk, and sometimes gives rise to misperceptions about what writ ing seriously involves. Impatience, burnout and neglect of the market are natural pitfalls for NaNo participants. So authors: tread carefully, and learn from your experienced peers. Use NaNoWriMo not as an end in itself, but as another tool in your kit. November comes but once a year, but writing your novel is a 24/7/365 commitment.*Next to self-doubt and caffeine, anyway.By Ricardo FayetEdited by the lovely Reedsy editor Becca Heyman–What do you personally think of NaNoWriMo? I’d love to know your thoughts on this so don’t hesitate to leave a comment!

Saturday, November 23, 2019

The Matryoshka and Other Symbols of Russia

The Matryoshka and Other Symbols of Russia The Matryoshka, also known as the Russian nesting doll, is one of the most instantly recognizable symbols of Russia. Other common symbols include include the birch tree, the troika, and the Russian samovar. Discover the origins of these symbols, as well as their significance to Russian cultural heritage. The Matryoshka Doll Nalin Nelson Gomes / EyeEm / Getty Images The Russian Matryoshka doll, also called a nesting doll, is perhaps the best-known symbol of Russia around the world. In Russia, the doll is thought to symbolize traditional values of Russian society: respect for the elderly, unity of the extended family, fertility and abundance, and the search for truth and meaning. In fact, the idea that the truth is concealed within many layers of meaning is a recurring motif in Russian folk tales. In one such folk tale, a character named Ivan searches for a needle representing the death of an evil character. The needle is inside an egg, the egg is inside a duck, the duck is inside a hare, the hare is inside a box, and the box is buried under an oak tree. Thus, the Matryoshka, with its many layers concealed within the larger doll, is a perfect symbol for Russian folk culture. As for the first Matryoshka doll, the most popular theory is that the Matryoshka was conceived in 1898, when the artist Malyutin visited the Mamontov family estate in Abramtsevo. At the estate, Malyutin saw a Japanese wooden toy that inspired her to design a series of sketches reflecting the Russian version of the nesting doll. In Malyutins sketches, the largest doll featured a young woman dressed in townspersons attire holding a black rooster. Smaller dolls depicted the rest of the family, both male and female, each with their own object to hold. Malyutin asked a local wood craftsman Zvyozdochkin to create the wooden dolls. The finished set of eight dolls was called Matryona, a popular name at the time that matched the widely accepted image of the strong, calm, and caring Russian woman. The name suited the dolls, but Matryona was considered too solemn a name for a childrens toy, so the name was changed to the more affectionate Matryoshka. The Birch Tree Tricia Shay Photography / Getty Images Birch is the most ancient and well-known symbol of Russia. It is also the most prevalent tree on Russian territory. Birch is associated with the Slavic goddesses Lada and Lelya, representing female energy, fertility, purity and healing. Objects made out of birch have been used in rituals and celebrations in Russia for centuries. During Ivan Kupala night, young women braided their hair ribbons into the branches of the birch tree in order to attract their soul mates. Birch was often kept in the home for protection from jealousy and bad energy, and when a baby was born, birch brooms were left outside the front door of the familys house to protect the baby from dark spirits and illness. Birch has inspired many Russian writers and poets, particularly Sergei Yesenin, one of Russias most beloved lyric poets. The Troika Aleksander Orlowski, Traveler in a Kibitka (Hooded Cart or Sledge), 1819. Lithograph. Public Domain /  The Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia The Russian troika was a harness method for horse-drawn vehicles, used during the 17th-19th centuries. The troika was driven so that the middle horse trotted while the other two horses cantered, keeping their heads turned to the sides. This meant that troika horses took longer to fatigue and could travel much faster. In fact, the troika could reach speeds of 30 miles per hour, making it one of the fastest vehicles of its time. Originally, the troika was used to transport mail, with tired horses being exchanged for fresh ones at regular intervals. The Troika was later used to carry important passengers, at which point it became a cultural icon: featured in weddings and religious celebrations and decorated with bright colors, bells, and gold. Because of its innovative design and impressive speeds, the troika came to be associated with the Russian soul, which is often called bigger than life (Ã'ˆÐ ¸Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ºÃ °Ã'  Ð ´Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ °, pronounced sheeROkaya dooSHAH). The symbolism of the number three, which has significance throughout traditional Russian culture, also played a role in the troikas popularity. According to some accounts, the troika was adapted by the Russian government from secret rituals of the Russian North. Every year on St. Elijah the Prophets Day, ritual troika races took place in northern parts of Russia, with the troika symbolizing the fiery chariot that carried Elijah to heaven. To crash in one of these races was considered an honorable way to die- it was said that Elijah himself took those who died in the races to heaven. The Samovar Nikolai Petrovich Bogdanov-Belsky, The Teachers Guests.. Heritage Images/Getty Images / Getty Images A samovar is a large, heated container used to boil water, especially for tea. The samovar is an iconic symbol of Russian tea-drinking culture. Traditional Russian families spent hours chatting and relaxing around the table with traditional preserves, Russian pretzels (Ð ºÃ'€Ð µÃ ½Ã ´Ã µÃ »Ã' ), and a hot samovar. When not in use, samovars remained hot and were used as an immediate source of boiled water. The word samovar (pronounced samaVARR) means self-brewer. The samovar contains a vertical pipe filled with solid fuel, which heats the water and keeps it hot for hours at a time. A teapot containing a strong tea brew (Ð ·Ã °Ã ²Ã °Ã'€Ð ºÃ °) is placed on top and heated by the rising hot air. The first official samovar appeared in Russia in 1778, though there may have been others made even earlier. The Lisitsyn brothers opened a samovar-making factory in Tula in the same year. Soon, samovars spread across Russia, becoming a much-loved attribute of everyday life for Russian families of all backgrounds.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

How have transnational NGOs and social movements impacted countries Term Paper

How have transnational NGOs and social movements impacted countries that practice female circumcision - Term Paper Example According to the World Health Organization, approximately 140 million girls have been circumcised all over the globe, of which about 92 million are believed to be from Africa. (Female Genital Mutilation, World Health Organization, February 2012). The origin of female circumcision is not known for sure, however some scholars on the subject speculate that this practice has its origins in the time of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs. This belief is corroborated by the fact that some ancient Egyptian female mummies were found to be circumcised. In today’s times female circumcision is commonly practiced in many parts of Africa. This practice is promoted in three ways by the people who propagate it. The Sunna type where the clitoris is excised, the clitoridectomy  type where the clitoris and minor labia are excised and the infibulations type where the whole clitoris and all the labia are cut off. (M. A. Dirie and G. Lindmark, 1992). The practice has however, been reinforced by Islami c tradition due to the belief that circumcising women dampens their sexual desire and leads to less promiscuous behavior generally. (Asaad M.B, 1980). Countries and cultures that advocate the practice believe that performing the procedure tunes down a woman’s libido. The opposition for female circumcision presents a strong case. ... According to the World Health Organization, female circumcision has no health benefits what so ever and is only a cause of damage. It is apparent with simple deduction that since the practice removes healthy female genital tissue for no medical reason; it will interfere with their normal bodily functions in addition to being the host of a bunch of diseases and infections. There can be instantaneous consequences like pain, shock, hemorrhage or tetanus etcetera or long term consequences which might include bladder and urinary tract infections, cysts, infertility and child birth complications etcetera (Female Genital Mutilation, World Health Organization, February 2012). However, debates regarding this issue are messy because of the cultural, religious, social and political connections to the issue of female circumcision on the side of the advocates of this procedure and thus, reaching a solution is a very complex course of action. The medical views on female circumcision are shrouded w ith confusion because they don’t understand the reason why people do it if it has such dangerous health implications. What needs to be done is that people should look at this practice through a cultural lens to understand its significance and why it means so much to the cultures and people who practice it. Firstly, they look upon this as a necessity according to what their beliefs have taught them. Second, this practice has different meanings for different cultures and people, third, although people who are against this practice to promote gender equality the women it is practiced upon don’t think of it as an infringement of their rights. Although this practice originated from the patriarchal society, it is women that have ensured that it keep being practiced to date.

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Commercial Contracts Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Commercial Contracts - Essay Example This paper examines two approaches for interpreting commercial contracts in courts of law. The paper assesses the literal and purposive approach to examining and interpreting contracts in courts of law. The paper will assess the advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches and come up with a conclusion on the subject and the evolution process. Literal Approach In commercial contracts, the parties come up with their own terms for the exchange of consideration between them. As such, they write down the terms and conditions for the exchange of consideration. According to Lord Staughton, where there is a dispute in such a contract, the court needs to detect the meaning of the terms and this is a question of law for the judge and not a question of fact for the jury4. Hence, the Judge presiding over the case needs to use an approach to ascertain the facts and what the parties in the contract meant in order to resolve the issue at hand. In the past, most courts used the literal approa ch, this is steeped in the objective approach to the interpretation of contracts5. This is based on the premise that â€Å"... the intentions in the heart of a person is not in man's ability to judge, but change caused by reason of the promise†6. Traditionally, the law of contract is based on negotiations and the promises that were exchanged during negotiations. Also, some of the core maxims of the law of contract made it difficult for the judges to use any other methodology than the literal approach. For instant, English law states that consideration must be sufficient and not adequate. This therefore means that the doctrine of â€Å"caveat emptor†, which requires the parties entering a contract to be careful, will act as an estoppel to prevent judges from interpreting the law in any system or structure that would support an attempt to assess intent. Strictly speaking, the objective approach should be the basis for the interpretation of contracts even if it causes ser ious hardships for one of the parties. In the case of Arcos Ltd V E. A. Romaasen and Sons7, it was held that any express term that is breached in contract renders it null and void. This is because the express terms often form conditions and these conditions must be discharged, otherwise the aggrieved party gets the right to back out of the contract. In Bunge Corporation V Tradax SA8, there was a contract for the mercantile supply of goods. Clause 7 of the contract gave one of the parties the right to terminate the contact if there was a delay. Lord Wilberforce held that time was of the essence in the contract and in the mercantile industry, time lapses were severe enough to merit a cancellation of an entire contract. Lord Scarman and Lord Roskill concurred. Some judges like Lord Staughton hold the view that the court needs to be very careful not to overlook the original terms of the contract to apply new interpretations9. This means that the literal approach is the default Common La w approach to cases relating to the law of contract. Purposive Approach In Codelfa V State Rail Authority10, Lord Brennan stated that â€Å"the symbols of language convey meaning according to the circumstances in which they were used†. This therefore means that words in itself are meaningless and the literal application of such words might be devoid of the bigger picture and have some limitations. As such, a Judge will need to use a purposive approach to integrate the context,

Sunday, November 17, 2019

The Tempest Essay Example for Free

The Tempest Essay Write about what Shakespeares theatre was like and how this links to The Tempest. Next talk about the characters Ariel and Caliban and say how Prospero treats them. Which character do you prefer and why? William Shakespeare wrote The Tempest at the earlier stage of his career. The Shakespeares theatre was for all classes of people, from the poorest to the richest. There were three different places for people to either sit or stand and watch the play. The Groundlings had to stand in the yard, because they only had to pay one penny. The place of Gentlefolks was in galleries for the price of two pennies and the lords would get to sit next to the stage and watch the play, because they paid twelve pennies. The theatre had no scenery. It only had a few props in the upper room where the machinery was located. Bu the language that the players used was very detailed and strong, which would have created a picture of the scene in audiences mind. As when Ariel describes that how the created storm was, she describes the scene of the play as well by the language that she talks. To every article. I boarded the kings ship. Now on the bear, Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, I flamed amazement. Something Id divide, And burn in many places; on the topmast, The yards and bowsprit would I flame distinctly, Then meet and join, Joves lightnings, the precursors O the dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary And sight-outrunning were not. The fire and cracks Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune seemed to besiege, and make his hold waves tremble, Yea his dread trident shake. There were many poor people stood around the stage. Usually there were rowdy crowds. The play had to have dramatic opening in order to attract the audiences attention. The Shakespeares theatre was a open air theatre which would have helped to add on to the drama of the play by the atmosphere that it creates. For example The Tempest begins with a storm to grab attention of an audience and if there was a storm at the time, the play would be more realistic. In Elizabethans time women were not allowed to play on stage, because of this young boys whose voices were similar to women were used in theatre. Shakespeare has always used magical plays to interest his readers. He has always used fairy tale characters like prince, princess, witch and strange creatures to make his plays more interesting and more attractive. As in The Tempest which is a magical play he used two creatures, Ariel and Caliban and a witch Prospero.

Friday, November 15, 2019

Syringe Test Experiment :: Papers

Syringe Test Experiment Formula Word: - Calcium Carbonate + Hydrochloric acid = Calcium Chloride + Water + Carbon Dioxide Symbol: - CaCOà Ã‚ · + 2HC = CaCl + H 0 + CO Equipment: - Flask, Glass gas syringe, Bung, Marble chips (Calcium Carbonate (CaCOà Ã‚ ·)) and tubing. Safety Because of the dangerous chemical that will be handled goggles should be wore during the experiment in case any should get in your eyes while the chemical is being measured and the experiment is happening. Fair test  § The amount of hydrochloric acid is the same (20ml) for every experiment using more or less of it in each one would highly affect it making the results erroneous and useless.  § The same amount of marble chips is used (2gs) for every experiment if the amount was too varied the results would be unusable.  § The test was repeated two times to ensure fair and accurate results from averaging.  § Washing each apparatus that I use so that there is no pass over of acid or other substance. Plan  § Starting with a 0.25 molar.  § Fill a flask with 5cm ³ 1 molar hydrochloric acid and 15cm ³ of distilled water this will reduce the molar to 0.25.  § The Tubing should be attached to the gas syringe and the other end put in a bung which will be eventually be inserted in the lid of the flask (fig 1).  § At the last second before the bung in put on top the marble chips (2gs) should be put in to the 2.5 hydrochloric acid so to catch the full about of gas given off and the.  § The temperature should be checked every 20 seconds over 200 seconds.  § To ensure for accurate results the test should be repeated multiple times the more times it's done the more accurate the results will be.  § Finally you should gradually change the molar from 0.25 to 2 (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2) [IMAGE]